Ender Büyüközkara – Dr.- Sakarya Üniversitesi
Yıl: 2020 (Eylül) / Cilt: 1 / Sayı: 1
A Reading Of The Ethics Of Revolt Of Nurettin
Topçu Based On Death Ethics
Nurettin Topçu constitutes his understanding of morals on the basis of Maurice Blondel’s actionism, and Suism. This understanding is called voluntarist idealism, action ethics, and ethics of revolt. In this paper, Topçu’s views concerning the ield of morals will be considered in context of death ethics. By death ethics, I mean an understanding of morals depending on metaphorical or voluntary death, which is briely expressed by the hadith “Die before you die”. Through this death, human being wipes his/her self in the Absolute Being in an aspect; comprehends that he/she is in, from, and with Him; and gains habit in line with this consciousness. Such points can be stated when Topçu’s ethics of revolt is considered in the perspective of death ethics: Human being is enslaved by every kind of tie, whether individual or social. In order to get rid of this slavery, revolt against the self without God, and thus action is required. At the end of this, the person reaches eternity, Absolute Being, by passing all individual and social stages; and surrenders to His will, and his/her being is wiped away in His being. In this case, metaphorical or voluntary death happens. However, the duality between God and human being also holds over. On the other hand, this action and revolt is endless and renewed consistently.